While most of the population is oblivious to the onset of danger,...
When studying improvised weapons, it's often useful to look outside the realm of pure self-defense, and study groups who actively incite violence. For example, incarcerated criminals in super-max prisons have come up with some extremely creative and brutal weapons using limited resources. Although we certainly can't condone the way a criminal might use a toothbrush shiv or handmade blade, we can learn from their twisted ingenuity to better prepare ourselves for self-defense without pre-made weapons.
Like prison inmates, another subculture known for its “unruly, violent and destructive behavior” is that of British football hooligans (extreme soccer fans). These hooligan gangs, colloquially known as firms, became known for all-out brawls with other rival firms before, during, or after football matches. Fighting reached such levels of violence in the 1960s and 1970s that many sports venues were forced to ban anything that could remotely be seen as a weapon, including boots, metal combs, and even pens. This, of course, wasn't going to stop the hooligans—they just got more creative.
That brings us to a surprisingly simple improvised weapon: the Millwall Brick. Named after Millwall F.C. of southeast London, this weapon was allegedly invented by hooligans to circumvent weapon confiscation by police at football matches. The construction is simple: fold a newspaper into a long thin strip, then fold the strip in half, forming a solid “brick”.
Here's a video that demonstrates how it's made:
The tight layering of newspaper creates a club-like “brick” that can be incredibly devastating when swung full-force. There are several other variations on the Millwall Brick, including:
As you can imagine, this simple improvised weapon is far more damaging than a fist. Its simple construction and innocuous materials also made it almost impossible to confiscate—stadium security guards couldn't exactly confiscate newspapers or pocket change.
If you someday need to defend yourself and have no weapons on hand, keep the Millwall Brick in mind. Newspapers are always available in urban settings, and one just might save you from a beating someday.